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Street name tour Lombok

You're now at: 10 Johannes Camphuysstraat

Johannes Camphuys (1634-1695) is remembered in Dutch literature as a charismatic and religious governor-general, responsible for the VOC's impressive economic progress under his leadership. The trained goldsmith left for the Dutch East Indies at the age of 18, where he quickly found success. As he was rapidly moving up in the VOC, he was appointed in 1671 as chief merchant for the VOC and Japan (1). In 1684, he was promoted to governor-general of the VOC (2). His period of office was not characterized by major conflicts with local leaders or other Western powers. Camphuys preferred negotiation instead of military intervention.

Growth of enslaved population

Negotiation proved fruitful. The power of the VOC grew, having a major impact on Batavia, the economic centre of the Dutch East Indies. The profits of the VOC were largely dependent on enslaved people and a mass of unfree labour was brought to Batavia to work in a variety of roles. In 1689, under the Camphuys regime, the number of enslaved people in Batavia was 26,071, with 3,501 of these being children. This formed about 60 per cent of the entire population in Batavia (3).

Linking Lombok

Another example of the activism of Lombok's citizens can be found in this street. The street features the work of sculptor Jules Enneking. In 2009, the art-community project Linken Leggen Lombok invited Enneking to create a new work on the square by Johannes Camphuysstraat. This project was the initiative of Kosmopolis Utrecht, who work with Museum Maluku, the Papua Cultural Heritage foundation, artists, neighbourhood organisations and entrepreneurs in Lombok. Enneking carved an oak trunk for Linken Leggen Lombok in which he was inspired by Camphuys' interest in overseas plants and animals (4).

Notes

  • See for example H. Zeeman, Het leven, de daden en lotgevallen van Jan Camphuis (Amsterdam 1833); P.W. Filey, De verhoudingen der vorsten op Java tot de Ned.Indische reegering (Leiden 1895); F. Valentijn, Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien, vervattende een naaukeurige en uitoverige verhandelinge van Nederlands Mogentheijd (Dordrecht-Amsterdam 1726).
  • L.P. van Putten, Ambitie en Onvermogen. Gouverneurs-generaal van Nederlands-Indie (Rotterdam 2002), 95-97.
  • Marsely L. Kehoe 'Dutch Batavia: Exposing the Hierarchy of the Dutch Colony City', Journal of Historians of the Netherlands Art 7 (2015) 1, p. 1-35, 18.; Markus Vink, '"The World's Oldest Trade": Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century', Journal of World History 14 (2008) 2, p. 152. 19
  • 'Straatgewijs, de link met Lombok', http://www.straatgewijs.nl/Lombok/camphuys.html (consulted 18 December 2018).

Directions to:
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Continue to the Bankaplain with a slight turn to the right on Soendastraat. Walk along Soendastraat and you will reach Bankaplein.
The tour covers 12 points in the Lombok neighbourhood. It begins at Molen de Ster. Click on the map for more information about this point...

De Bitterzoete Route
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